Quilt Top The top layer of a quilt Sandwich. Then, if youre planning to quilt the project yourself, youll baste the layers together, using thread if youll be hand quilting or safety pins if youll be machine quilting. Should I press my quilt top and back prior to having it quilted? Your backing was all ready to go for home quilting. Bigger is OK but it should not be smaller. Just follow the 6" bigger or 8" bigger rule. No, I need to load each layer onto my machine separately so they should remain apart. The top is then placed onto the batting and basted along the top and sides. No matter what, your backing MUST BE 4-6″ larger than your quilt top, on ALL sides. 100% Polyester is lightweight and will keep that smooth polished look even after it's washed (particularly if you pre-wash your fabrics). Trim all edges even when finished sewing pieces together. In this first of a series of blog posts I would like to address some questions that I’ve heard people ask about long arm quilting. If you choose to send your quilt out to a long arm quilter, they may want a larger square, requiring as much as 4-6 inches of extra batting on each side. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. I've had the back fold under and get quilted in with the top, if that makes sense to you. I piece my backing larger than my batting so that I can see it while quilting. I can always trim the batting if it is too large but harder to make it bigger if too small, although I have pieced batting together as needed with satisfactory results it is always best to do that before sending it to the longarm quilter. For example, the lap-size top is 45″ x 66″. This measurement would then be multipied by the price per square inch (ppsi) to calculate the cost of machine quilting before thread, batting and tax are added on. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Trimming threads, pressing seams, measuring & cutting borders all go a long way in helping turn your quilt top into a lasting heirloom to be enjoyed by many generations. You don't want to add fabric in a way that will look awkward. That depends on a couple of important questions. The sides should be trimmed evenly and square (no jagged edges or sections that are longer than other sections). This does’t cost you anything extra, but it does help me greatly. This is a fact that you may have never crossed your mind. However, the backing and batting may need to be 7-9 inches larger than the quilt top … The backing is attached to the muslin leaders on the horizontal bars as shown in this picture. You calculate square inches by multiplying the width by length. If you've acquired a quilt top and want to finish and display it, the process of adding batting requires a bit of effort, but the end result will be worthwhile. 1. The batting should be larger than the top to account for any shrinking of the top due to quilting. Prepare and press the quilt backing. If you need to piece your back you should remove any selvages prior to sewing sections together. Your pieced quilt top, backing (pieced to fit, if needed), and batting (backing and batting is at least 4 inches larger than your quilt top on all 4 sides). The backing is another 2” on each side, adding another 4” to the batting size (and 8” to the pieced top size) so it is 48” x 68”. Seams should be pressed open and lie flat. High loft means ¾” - 1” thick and will be great for thicker comforters and blankets—anything you want to make warmer with the extra thickness of the batting. One of the big things that people always hear from the longarm quilter – I must have the backing 3 to 4 inches bigger than the quilt top on all 4 sides. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. That is because your quilter will use that fabric to attach the quilt to the bars and side clamps of their frame. Your batting will be 2” longer and wider on each side, so adding 4” to each measure makes your batting size 44” x 64”. The quilt sandwich consists of backing, batting, and the quilt top. If you start out with a backing that is the same size or just a little bit bigger than the top you don’t leave room to attach it and still quilt the whole quilt. That means your backing should be at least 6" to 8" wider and taller than your quilt top, more if you prefer (and even more backing) to fold it and bring it to the front of the quilt to create a self-binding. With a sit-down machine you can get along with only a couple of extra inches all around the quilt. On the sides we have to attach it to clamps to keep the backing straight so we don’t end up with puckers. You want your batting to be larger than your quilt top (front) by about 4″ bigger than the length and height and slightly smaller than your quilt back. Most longarmers ask for a backing that is 8-10" larger than the quilt top in each direction, which provides 4-5" of excess backing all the way around the quilt. Be sure to place it within the boundaries of the quilt top not the backing or it may end up half on and half off the quilt when finished. But it also means that same quilt could be stiff if you added lots of quilting to it thanks to the batting’s stable properties. This is a personal decision based on the finished look you want to achieve. Secure the backing fabric to the surface at regular intervals. I cannot stress this enough! The batting needed is 51″ (45″ + 6″) x 72″ (66″ + 6″). 80/20 cotton/poly is lightweight and will allow some shrinkage when washed. You can get away with minimal quilting while still having a quilt that won’t fall apart after the first wash. Place the batting on top of the backing fabric and trim it to fit. Example, your quilt top measures 60" x 80" therefore your backing and batting should each measure 66" x 86". ake sure your back fabric is facing out. Consider the Seam Allowance Especially if you are loading it lengthwise. They should be roughly the same size. I found minky at the thrift store for a couple dollars that is a perfect match. If your quilt is larger than the table, be sure the top and one side are aligned with the edges, clamp around and baste what is on the surface. Happy Quilting! I just got through spray basting a quilt. At this point you could baste the layers together, but I prefer pinning. Next the batting goes down with no wrinkles. Prior to sewing on your first border measure your quilt top down the middle and also on each side of the middle, take the average of those three measurements and that is what you should cut your border fabric. Here you see examples of what it looks like to have it too small and how the quilting machine doesn’t have room to work. Do the same for the border fabric. How busy is your fabric and/or quilt top. Now let’s talk backs. Example – 60” x … Wool is warm and good in cooler climates. First, youll cut the backing 4 to 6 longer and wider than the quilt top. (They both just need to be a few inches larger on all sides than the quilt top.) By visiting our site, you agree to our privacy policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc. And lets. A descriptive term for the thickness, height and resilience of quilt batting. Add 8 inches to both measurements to make sure you have an extra 4 inches all the way around to make allowance for the fabric that is taken up in the quilting process as well as having adequate fabric for the quilting frame. Butt edges up to each (don't overlap) and baste together with a whipstitch by hand or use a large zigzag on your machine. ! So if your quilt top measures 50″ x 50″, your backing must be at least 58″ x 58″. Pin your border to your quilt working outward from the center to the ends. One of the big things that people always hear from the longarm quilter – I must have the backing 3 to 4 inches bigger than the quilt top on all 4 sides. It just sticks out past the quilt top barely a half inch. Did you know that the thickness of your batting determines how much larger than your quilt top, the length of your batting should be cut? So 3 to 4 inches more on the top and 3 to 4 inches more on the bottom than the quilt top is absolutely necessary just to get it loaded on the machine. I know if you are quilting by hand or on a domestic sewing machine you don’t have to have the backing and the batting larger because you’re pinning the layers together, you don’t have it attached to the machine itself like we do with the longarm. The batting is cut and placed on top of the backing, smoothed out and the bottom end is tucked under the roller bar. Your backing and batting should be at least 3" larger on each side than your quilt top. You should also press open any seam allowances in the backing. To determine how much backing fabric you need, keep in mind that all sides of a quilt back should be at least 4″ longer than your quilt top. That type of binding is not as durable as double-fold binding but is an option for quilts that won't receive heavy use. This is one of the single most important things you can do when constructing your quilt to ensure a finished product that you'll be happy with. Crib-Size Quilt Batting. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. I receive a small monetary compensation for any purchases you might make thru links on my site. It should be pressed and free of wrinkles. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! At the same time, if you're adding a lot of stitches to the quilt top, the quilt will shrink up a bit, too. If I get a quilt in and see the backing is not big enough I can add muslin to the edges so that I can load it into the machine, I will charge extra for that obviously and I will not guarantee that none of the muslin shows on the edges of the quilt after trimming. Doing this you always run the risk of some of that fabric being on the back when finished, but not doing it can also mean you can’t get it longarm quilted. Size: you want your batting to be slightly larger than your quilt top (front) and slightly smaller than your quilt back. Make sure your batting is larger than the quilt top. It should be 6" larger overall  than your quilt top. Your backing should also be pressed especially if it is heavily wrinkled. Example of measuring batting from a previous Quilt Along: The batting should be several inches larger than the quilt top all the way around. Ask your quilter -- she might want more. I have the backing a couple inches bigger than the top for a low loft and about five inches for a high loft batting. After you have your size and materials mapped out, it’s time to start thinking about your design. In other words the backing should be the biggest of the three layers. Low loft batting is thinner and shows off the quilting stitches. *LOL*  Unfortunately no we are not. Therfore a quilt measuring 60" x 72" would cost $43.20 with meandering, $64.80 with a pantograph and $86.40 & up depending on the type of custom work you want to have done. Your quilt batting will be always a bit larger in dimension than your quilt top to allow for overhang during quilting. I know if you are quilting by hand or on a domestic sewing machine you don’t have to have the backing and the batting larger because you’re pinning the layers together, you don’t have it attached to the machine itself like we do with the longarm. If the quilt top and the backing start out the same size it simply is not possible. Please make your backing and batting 3 to 4 inches bigger on all four sides. Completed quilt top Batting Backing Fabric Tape (painters or masking) Safety pins large, clean hard surface Make sure your backing and batting are larger than your quilt top. Your quilt back should be a MINIMUM of 3-4" bigger than your quilt top on each side. Unclamp everything and readjust the quilt so that unbasted areas are now on top of the table. Read more. *BACK SIZE QUEEN or larger: Cut your backing and batting at least 4” wider and longer than your quilt top on EACH SIDE. For example:  your 3 measurements equal 70 down the middle and 70 1/2 on each side of that, cut your border strip 70 1/4. **We use Warm and Natural Batting. Advertisement – I receive a small commission from purchases  made thru this link. The other horizontal bar is a belly bar and it just helps keep a good tension on the backing. To complete the sandwich, youll quilt You'll need enough pins to put one every 4-5 inches all over the quilt. 2. I try to give myself at least 2 inches or more. Your backing and batting should be at least 3" larger on each side than your quilt top. For example if your quilt measures 60" wide by 72" long then it would be equal to 4320 square inches. Strips of muslin or scraps can be basted to the sides to enlarge backing if needed. 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